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|VIA AURELIA |
The Via Aurelia is one of the consular roads which radiate out from Rome in all directions. rections. It goes as far as France, where it joins the VIA DOMITIA.
SANTA MARINELLA (RM) PUNICUM, CASTRUM NOVUM
CIVITAVECCHIA (RM) CENTUMCELLAE
TARQUINIA LIDO (RM) GRAVISCAE
MONTALTO DI CASTRO (RM) FORUM AURELII
|VETULONIA (GR) |
VADO LIGURE (SV)
VENTIMIGLIA (IM) ALBINTIMILIUM
If you would like to stroll down the ancient way and learn about the history of the towns along the route, proceed down the road. If you would like to explore some sites in detail, select the milestones.
|LOCALITY ROMA (RM) |
The Via Aurelia was created thanks to the need to connect Rome to the military colonies founded along the Tirrenian coast in the course of the 3rd century B.C., following the subjugation of Etruria. Initially, the road went as far as Cosa, was then extended to Luni, and on to Genoa in 109 B.C. (MAP)
Explore ROME using the ancient plan of the Forma Urbis.
|LOCALITY STATUA (RM) |
OLD NOMINATION AD TORRES
The locality that take the name of the
discovery of a portrait was occupied by a big
imperial villa from that become pictures of
seascape subjects, now at Giulia Villa
|LOCALITY PALO (RM) |
OLD NOMINATION ALSIUM
Was one of the three old ports of Caere.
|LOCALITY CERVETERI (RM) |
OLD NOMINATION CAERE
One of the greater town of the Marine Etruria , Caere occupied a wide area between Tarquinia and Veio. In the VII - VI a. C. Caere got a high degree of power and of wealth and was one of the town most populous of the mediterranean word. Its naval,commercial and military activity developped throught the ports of Alsium (Palo), Pyrgi ( Santa Severa) and Punicum (Santa Marinella). Had solid bonds with the ellenistic wordreceiving dealers and artists colonies. Caere kept always in Rome, but with the III century A.C. begun its decline that will continue untill the extinction in the I century D.C. The urban rests of Caere are scanty, plentiful are instead the discovery of Etruscan necropolis.
|LOCALITY SANTA SEVERA (RM) |
OLD NOMINATION PYRGI
Pyrgi was one of the ports of Caere. There have been discovered the rests of a sanctuary with two temples (Temple A, V a.C. - Temple B, VI a.C.) where have been found rich architectural terracotta.
|LOCALITY SANTA MARINELLA
OLD NOMINATION PUNICUM, CASTRUM NOVUM
Statium Punicum was one of the ports of the
near Caere. Near Capo Linario was placed
the Castrum Novum, roman colony and
station of the Aurelia street.
|LOCALITY CIVITAVECCHIA (RM) |
OLD NOMINATION CENTUMCELLAE
It is a roman town rised around the big port
built in the 106 D.C. by Traiano. The roman
port was composed from two big moles, or
dikes, and from a antemurale.
|LOCALITY TERME TAURINE (RM) |
OLD NOMINATION AQUAE TAURI
The Taurine thermae are at little chilometers from Civitavecchia in direction Est. There are rests of a big imperial villa and represents one of the most important roman buildings in the region Lazio. Traiano enlarged a pre-existent republican and augustean villa adding a majestic thaermal complex and other environbments of stay. There stayed also Marco Aurelio and Commodo.
|LOCALITY TARQUINIA LIDO (VT) |
OLD NOMINATION GRAVISCAE
The area of the present Clementino port was
the old port of Tarquinia that in the 181 a.C.,
became a roman colony and took the name of
Graviscae. The excavations in progress from
1969 had brought out some sectors of the
inhabited of the colony and an important
emporic archaic sanctuary .
|LOCALITY TARQUINIA (VT) |
OLD NOMINATION TARQUINII
Old Tarquinia rised at about six kilometers
from the sea on the hill of the Civita
characterized by a calcareous land and
scantly vegetation. Was surrounded by walls,
about 8000 meters long, formed by square
blocks of limestone, which construction go
back at V - Vi century a.C.. In this walls
opened the doors, which went out the street
that connected the town with the sea and the
other towns such as Vulci, Tuscania and
|LOCALITY MONTALTO DI CASTRO
OLD NOMINATION FORUM AURELII
Forum Aurelii, near Vulci, takes its name from the founder of the road, and was an important commercial centre for trade between the Tirrenian coast and Etruria.
|LOCALITY VULCIA (VT) |
OLD NOMINATION VOLCI
The land of Vulci was very wide and included
a lot of centres: Orbetello, Saturnia, Pescia,
Sovana, Castro, Pitigliano and Marsiliana.
The VI century a.C. was the moment of the
flourishing of the area.
|LOCALITY COSA (GR) |
OLD NOMINATION COSA
Cosa was a latin colony founded in the 273
a.C. together at that of Paestum. But at
difference of Paestum, Cosa rised on a hill
area didn't occupied by the inhabitantes more
|LOCALITY TALAMONE (GR) |
OLD NOMINATION TELAMON
On the hill of Talamonaccio, long the coast
zone, rise the rests of the town originally
etrusca and after roman of Talamone. In
roman age the town was remembered as
place of landing of Tiberio Gracco, coming
from Numanzia in the 133 a.C. and above all
as place of the horrible battle between the
Romans and the Galls in the 225 a.C. finished
with the bloody defeat of the Celtic invaders.
|LOCALITY VETULONIA (GR) |
OLD NOMINATION VETULONIA
According to the old sources Vetulonia was
one of the most powerful etruscan town.
|LOCALITY POPULONIA (LI) |
OLD NOMINATION POPULONIUM
Only etruscan town that striked on the sea,
according to sources, Populonia would be
founded by Corsi or by Volterrani. Its
functionand prosperity was connected with
the rich mine of iron of the Elba, that vein has
been exploited from the arcaic period till
|LOCALITY PISA (PI) |
OLD NOMINATION PISAE
According to the sources, Pisa is a town of
old foundation and appears as the most
mysterious town of the Etruria. The same
etruscanity has been put in doubt (some
sources said that it is ligurian). .
|LOCALITY LUCCA (LU) |
OLD NOMINATION LUCA
Roman colony from 177 b.C. and
municipality from 89 b.C. of the Gallia
Cisalpina, so augustean colony in the Regio
VII, Lucca was famous centre of the Council
for the renew of the first triumvirate between
Cesare, Crasso and Pompeo.
|LOCALITY VIAREGGIO (LU) |
OLD NOMINATION FORUM CLODII
Forum Clodii was an important joint that showed the point of junction between the Aurelia and the Cassia coming from Florence, crosssing Pistoia and Lucca.
|LOCALITY LUNI (MASSA -
OLD NOMINATION LUNA
Luna was an important roman colony deduced in the 177 b.C. and crossed from Aurelia street (Aemilia Scauri street) from 109 b.C.. Famous above all for the marble ""lunense"".
|LOCALITY GENOVA (GE) |
OLD NOMINATION GENUA
The oppidum Genuae was, from V sec. A.C.
now on, an important emporium of the Liguri
(but also with the Etruscan).
|LOCALITY ALBISOLA (SV) |
OLD NOMINATION ALBA DOCILIA
From the few data at disposition seems that
the zonea was developped after the augustan
settlement of the street.
|LOCALITY SAVONA (SV) |
OLD NOMINATION SAVO
Coastal seat of the Liguri Sabazi from IV century A.C., Savona, remembered by Linneo as ""oppidum"" and allied of the Cartaginesi (205 A.C.), was strategically important centre untill 109 A.C. when, cut out of Aemilia Scauri street ( tract Tortona-Vado), gave at the near municipality of Vado the function of riference pole of the zone. Recovered the importance in the byzantine age.
|LOCALITY VADO LIGURE (SV) |
OLD NOMINATION VADA SABATIA
Vada Sabatia was choosed as reference terminal coastal point of the Aemilia Scauri street (109 b.C.), but perhaps only in augustean age the centre assumed urban characteristics. The urban planimetry of Vado is unknowed.
|LOCALITY ALBENGA (SV) |
OLD NOMINATION ALBINGAUNUM (ALBUM INGAUNUM)
Centre of the Ingauni of preroman origin. Albenga joined under the roman influence by 180 A.C.. Became municipality during the I century A.C.. and had the maxim flourishing between the II and III century D.C. The old structures of the urban area are unknown, but in the rest of the land between Loano and long way of Aurelia, are shed some funeral monuments (ex ""Pilone""), and the amphiteatre. The Baptistery and the Cathedral are of V century A.D..
|LOCALITY SANREMO (IM) |
Between Bussana an the Armea torrent - the rests of a Roman Villa San Remo mouth zone- a Roman Villa.
|LOCALITY VENTIMIGLIA |
SITO ANTICO ALBINTIMILIUM (ALBIUM INTEMELIUM)
Preroman built-up area (Albium internelium=town of the Intemeli) can have made go back at IV b.C.. After the roman occupation of the whole ligurian cost (180 b.C.), next to built-up area of Albium Intermelium, settled a military camp and subsequently developped the roman town. With the open of Julia Augustea street (Aurelia street, XIII b.C.) became a big town (Strabone). Prosperous in imperial age and wealth of public buildings, the town underwent the Goti invasion at the begin of the V century, the remained byzantine till the VIII century.
| LOCALITY NIZZA |
OLD NOMINATION NICAEA
|LOCALITY FREJUS |
OLD NOMINATION FORUM IULII
|LOCALITY TOLONE |
OLD NOMINATION TELO MARTIA
|LOCALITY MARSIGLIA |
OLD NOMINATION MASSILIA
|LOCALITY ARLES |
OLD NOMINATION ARELATE
|VIA DOMITIA |
The Via Domizia is the oldest constructed in Gallia by the Romans, and extends for about 200 km from Rodano to the Pirenei.
|LOCALITY NIMES |
OLD NOMINATION NEMAUSUS
The full Roman name is Colonia Augusta
|OLD NOMINATION AMBRUSSUM |
Located about 25 km west of Nîmes, the
archaeological site of Ambrussum is
particularly interesting because it
demonstrates the different constructional
techniques of the Gauls and Romans and the
elements common to the two cultures.
|OLD NOMINATION FORUM
Forum Domitii is one of the oldest Roman
settlements in Gallia after Aquae Sextiae
(Aix-en-Provence) and Narbo (Narbonne).
Having been built ex nono by Cneus Domitius
in 117 b.c., it was without geographic
references for a long time, known only
through Roman historians.
|LOCALITY St. THIBERY |
OLD NOMINATION CESSERO
This small town on the banks of the river Hérault, is not a real Roman settlement, but an indigenous agglomeration which became **** di diritto latino **** with the passing of the Via Domitia. The ruins of a large bridge of disputed date are visible, probably a medieval reconstruction on the basis of a Roman bridge.
|LOCALITY BEZIERS |
OLD NOMINATION BAETERAE
The Roman colony was founded in 36 b.c. by a contingent of legionnaires from Caesar's army, on the oppidum gallo of Bessara. Unfortunately the large ancient monuments like the triumphal arch, the forum and the theatre are no longer in existence, or have been incorporated into modern buildings.
|LOCALITY NARBONNE |
OLD NOMINATION NARBO
The full Roman name is Colonia Iulia Paterna
Claudia Narbo Martius.
|LOCALITY SALSES |
OLD NOMINATION SALSULAE
Roman military fort, staging post between Narbo e Ruscino.
|LOCALITY CHATEAUX-ROUSSILLON |
OLD NOMINATION RUSCINO
The most important archaeological site discovered in the last 20 years after Ambrussum. Situated in a strategic position at the end of the plateau which dominates the valley of the river Têt, from which the Pirenei are visible, Ruscino reached its greatest splendour under the rule of Augustus.
From Ruscino, to pass the Pirenei, the via Domitia divides into two branches, one coastal (Illiberis and Portus Veneris) and one inland (Clausurae).
|LOCALITY ELNE |
OLD NOMINATION ILLIBERIS
Oppidum of iberian origin, probable staging post of Hannibal in 218 b.c. mentioned in ancient texts. Unfortunately it has been completely covered by the medieval city.
|LOCALITY PORT VENDRES |
OLD NOMINATION PORTUS VENERIS
Referred to in ancient texts, was a port
located near the Greek temple of Aphrodite.
|LOCALITY CLUSES |
OLD NOMINATION CLAUSURAE
The Roman forts of Cluses are a unique example in Europe of fortified frontier construction.